The Smallwood Study Presents Highest Estimate of Bird Deaths to Date
In an earlier post, I mentioned the current research on bird deaths at wind farms. Scientists/industry have conducted five major studies to date:
- 2013 Smallwood Study: 573,000 bird deaths per year.
- 2013 Canadian Bird Mortality Study: 233,000 bird deaths per year, and habitat displacement of 57,000 breeding pairs.
- 2009 U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Study: 440,000 per year.
- 2013 Smithsonian-sponsored Study: 140,000 to 328,000 per year (limited to monopole turbines).
- Wind Industry Estimate: 58,000 per year.
Over the next several days, I'll discuss each study.
The Smallwood Study:
He estimates that, in 2012, turbines across the United States killed 573,000 birds, including 83,000 raptors. Smallwood’s number of bird deaths represents a 30 percent jump over the 440,000 fatalities estimated by a 2009 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service report.
Smallwood is featured in this video on the Altamont Pass wind farm.